A thorough assessment will be done for your teeth and gums to know the necessary treatments needed. The main aim is to make your mouth completely healthy to try and prevent any dental problems from happening or returning.
The hygienist will thoroughly ‘scale and polish’ your teeth, then show you the best way to brush and floss to remove the bacterial ‘plaque’ on your teeth and gums. Plaque, which is an invisible film of bacteria on the teeth and gums that is formed when the sugars from the food that you eat turns into acid, eventually causes tooth decay. It can also cause gum inflammation if not regularly and thoroughly removed. The hard tartar (calculus) which builds up on the teeth also starts off as plaque.
Diet and other habits such as smoking and drinking might be discussed as well for the dentist to be able to give you the best oral care products and practice to use.