What Is the Golden Dental Proportion in Dentistry?

March 11, 2020 - By Bruce Michaelson
What Is the Golden Dental Proportion in Dentistry?

The golden ratio has become a famous proportion against which beauty standards from around the world are being set and followed. This proportion is now also applied in dentistry to help beautify your smile and teeth. The mathematical ratio can help your teeth gain a measure of perfection that can be quantified into numbers and figures. The listed information will help you understand how to ensure the aesthetics and functionality of your teeth with the help of the golden ratio.


  • The Concept


The golden proportion is defined as a mathematical formula that is the basis of all things present in nature as well as the larger universe. It is used to compare two quantities and if the ratio calculated is the same as that of the golden ratio constant, then they are said to be in proportion. This ratio is used to produce many artworks and designer crafts to make them more visually perfect and pleasing. 

The same concept can be applied to dentistry where the width of each tooth is calculated and compared with one another to decide if they fit the golden ratio. This helps determine what is the optimal size and shape of each tooth in relation to the others to get the best set of teeth that are also scientifically perfect. 


  • The Application 


As your teeth are divided into 4 types, namely incisors, canines, premolars and molars, a ratio is established that fits each tooth type. If a factor of one is chosen to be the best fit for your teeth, then from the frontal view, the teeth at the center of your smile are given a factor of 1.6. A portion of your canine will then be labelled at a 0.6 factor to match the golden ratio sequence. This is used at both halves of each set of teeth to gain complete symmetry and perfection. 

The same proportions can then be applied to the other set of teeth to measure the compatibility in bite and make any necessary adjustments. The factor is chosen on the basis of the average teeth alignment, length and width and accordingly is calculated for each tooth. This provides optimum aesthetics to the entire teeth set and makes it mathematically perfect as well.


  • The Results 


In order to achieve a smile that is mathematically perfect, procedures such as dental veneer installations, implants, overlays, inlays among many others are used. Dental veneers are custom made shells that are made to cover the surface of each tooth in a shape that is desirable and practical for your mouth. Any gaps between the teeth, discolorations, misalignments and irregularities can be treated with veneers.

Dental implants involve replacing several teeth in each set that are no longer functional. The implants are then customized to fit in the required spaces to continue the performance of the replaced teeth. For a single tooth replacement, a crown and implant can be used in combination. Dentures are a suitable option to replace all your teeth that are unable to support and function as expected.

Inlays and overlays are used to fix any tooth decay, cracks or cavities in your teeth. This is chosen as a better alternative to crowns and regular fillings and can help cover irregularities and restore functionality to your teeth. Both inlays and overlays are made of materials that appear much like the natural tooth color and therefore are a popular preference amongst patients for their aesthetics.  

Consult with an orthodontist today to optimize your smile to achieve perfection like never before. Your dentist can prescribe an apt course of action that is suitable for your teeth appearance and problems. This will help you look your best every single day!

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